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Solidarity and Compassion in Islam

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, 4th of  April 2008 A.D, 27 Rabi'I 1429 H, several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.

The First Sermon

The Messenger of Conveyance and legislation

In the context of talking about the Messenger (p.).Allah says in His Glorious Book: And most surely you conform (yourself) to sublime morality.AndCertainly you have in the Messenger of Allah an excellent exemplar for him who hopes in Allah and the latter day and remembers Allah much.

What the personality of the Messenger is distinguished with is that he was a Messenger in conveying the Messenger and a Messenger in all his deeds and actions that reflected the morals and legislations of Islam. He was an embodiment of Islam, and people could see the Ayat he recited to them embodied in his personality, since there was no separation between his Message and his personality.

Thus, the commitment to the Messenger and bearing witness he is a Messenger in our prayers suggest to us, Muslims, that we should live the Messenger in our hearts and minds in all our actions, whether on the personal or economic levels… etc.

The members of House (Ahl el-Beit) represented the bright image of the line of the Messenger. Ali (a.s.) was identified with the Messenger that is why Allah commanded us to follow Ali as an Imam and a successor to the Messenger had nothing to do with the Messenger's emotions. It was because he saw in Ali (a.s.) the man that embodied him. This is evident in most of the sayings in which the Messenger described Ali.

He says: "Ali is with the right and the right is with Ali; it turns with him wherever he turns". He also said: I am the city of knowledge and Ali is its door. The Imam says: The Messenger of Allah has taught me 1000 branches of knowledge from each 1000 branched were opened to me.

The Imams who followed continued the march of Islam that the Messenger lunched saying that their sayings and actions were that of the Messenger.

In this speech, we will go over some of what they said quoting our master, Muhammad, regarding the relations among Muslims, and consequently how a Muslim society should be in its solidarity and mercifulness.

Muslims' Rights

Imam As-Sadiq says that of the most severe things that Allah has ordained on His creations are three things – that man can not acquire except by education and internal struggle – to be fair with people in that not accepting for them except what one accepts for himself and helping brothers with money- if he is rich and his brothers need his help- and remembering Allah in all circumstances, not by saying :subhana Allah… only– It is to remember Allah, when he finds himself tempting to do something unlawful, like profiting from unlawful acts. There are those who seek to gain profits by selling wine or frozen meat that is not slaughtered according to the Islamic Shariah because it is cheap. I have previously ruled- let those who are present inform the absent – that it is not permissible to buy from a butcher who sells frozen meat beside lawful meat. It is even unlawful to buy lawful meat from him. Muslim restaurants who sell wine and unlawful meat – but when he leaves what Allah has prohibited.

In another saying Imam As-Sadiq states the Muslim's rights towards fellow Muslims, He says that they are in addition to loving him, and giving him money in need and attending to his family's errands when he is absent and supporting him against those who wrong him. "To visit his grave after he dies, not to wrong him", or not to believe him or even to express any discontent to anything he says… If he says to him: You are my enemy the one of them has disbelieved, since Allah says that believers are brothers, and this will be violating Allah's saying. And if he accuses him falsely, faith will dissolve in his heart like salt in water.

Muhammad Ibn Ajlan narrated that once when he was with Imam Sadiq (a.s) a man came in and greeted them. Imam Sadiq (a.s) asked him: "How are the believing brothers with whom you were?" He praised them. Imam Sadiq (a.s) asked: "How much do the rich attend to the poor?" He said: "Little." Imam Sadiq (a.s.) asked: "How often do the rich visit the poor?" He said: "Not often." The Imam (a.s.) asked: "How much do the rich help the poor?" He said: "You are talking about such behavior that is rare among us." Then Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said: how do you claim that they are Shiites?

Abu Ismail said: I once told the Imam that the Shiites in our (region) are many, but he asked me: Do the rich have sympathy on the poor and do charitable forgive the wrongdoers. I said no and he said: Those are not Shiites. The Shiites are the ones who do that.

The Imam says: The Muslim is the brother of the Muslim: He does not betray him, cheat him, oppress him…-Muslims should seek to sympathize and respond to the needs of the needy and help one another, so that they will be as Allah commanded: Muhammad is the messenger of Allah; and those who are with him are strong against Unbelievers, (but) compassionate amongst each other.Fear Allah, and be brothers, loving each other for the sake of Allah helping each other, and showing mercy to each others, meet…, consider our matter and live it up.

He also says: "Of the deeds Allah loves the most is to feed the hunger of a Muslim, to help him in his misery and to pay his dept.

These are the morals of Islam; those of the Prophet and his family. We have to follow them, so that we meet Allah, on the line of his love and Mercy and piety in all our social positions.

The Second Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

The American Policies in the region

There are three main lines the American policy adopts towards the Palestinian cause and the region:

The fist line: The unequivocal adoption of the Israeli usurping entity in all its aggressions against the Palestinian people, whether the political, security and economic siege or the invasions, assassinations and the massacres. That is why the US Secretary of State's positions are clear in that she does not want to exert any pressures on Israel but only to stall giving the Palestinians in the meantime some tranquillisers, like lifting some sand barriers and not military ones and reducing the checkpoints. In the meantime, the Israeli settlement project continues to expand in Jerusalem and the West Bank to deprive the proposed Palestinian state form any possibility of being viable.

The second line: To continue pressurizing to prevent any Palestinian unity, by means of various threats; if a positive result is reached. This led to the failure of the Yemen initiative to establish a political reconciliation between Fateh and Hamas.

The third line: To hit any Arab or Muslim convergence on the basis of taking decisions that are in the interests of the Arab and Muslim peoples. That is what we saw in the American Vice-president's and the Secretary of State's visits to some of the so-called "moderate Arab countries", especially regarding the level of representation in the Arab summit that came in one of the most dangerous moments that our region has passed through.

In this context, the Arab states are in a state of paralysis towards the Israeli aggressions. The“moderate “Arab states especially the states that concluded an official peace treaty or those who concluded secret economic agreements, dare notpunish Israel politically or economically, at least to make this usurping state feel that its aggressions will lead to the loss of some of its interests.

This is what we notice in the repetition of the leaders in the Arab league the words "peace" or the decisions of the Beirut Summit" or in their shy support of the Palestinians.

The Arab World: The illusion of solidarity

As for the Arab solidarity, which was the title of the Arab summit in Damascus, it will remain a slogan, as long as it is not based on a national or brotherhood foundations, and as long as it is not established on consistent and clear cut mechanisms that will protect the Arab reality from personal, regional and international effects.

We hope that the project of Arab solidarity will be successful, but we believe that the Arab world has lost its national reality, and turned into fragmented pieces, which the players play with, and whose resolutions are dead before they are born.

Iraq, meanwhile, remains the bleeding wound that suffers from the occupation’s efforts to create security political and economic chaos, its partition scheme and its usurpation of national wealth, especially the oil, as part of its strategy to put its hand on oil in any country of the Third World, since this is what enables it to pressurize Europe, Russia, China and Japan to carry out the American political and economic policies.

A Racial war against Islam

Islam in the West is facing a racial war, through distorting its image and violating its sacred symbols. It is noteworthy that the foreign ministers of the EU states have denounced the film produced a rightist Dutch MP, since it equates between violence and Islam, but they considered that he has a right to produce it since it is in their view an expression of the freedom of speech.

But they did not, neither did others, try to pass a resolution that opposes being hostile to Islam or other religions. They do not respect the Muslims, or even the Christians, and their belief in the freedom of speechhas become an arbitrary one that is subjected to political calculations, and not democratic values and human rights.

We believe that the Muslims in the West should make all efforts to defend Islam and introduce its moral, spiritual and humanitarian values, and open up on the Islamic civilized principles in their call all over the world, and expose all the schemes that wish to distort Islamic concepts.

The economic crisis in Lebanon

In Lebanon, the politicians have turned a deaf ear to the sufferings and hunger of the poor whose salaries are not enough to provide them with the basics of food, clothing, not to mention education and health care. The Lebanese have become hungry in the country of fertility; thirsty in the country of water, and naked in the country of the natural silk, and we are afraid to say that they have become illiterate in the country of printing machines and science.

We know that the economic problem is complicated and intricate, nevertheless, we still believe that there is a deficiency in treating it, since the political class that the Lebanese are unfortunately addicted to, is still producing the same faces and the same mentality that do not believe in the strength, potentials and aspirations of the people. That is why they did not allow the people to produce a political class that responds to its aspirations and that is above personal greed, and fanatical sectarianism; one that seeks unity for the sake of the entire people and a better future for the coming generations.

Dear Lebanese

The value of Lebanon is represented by the value of its human being. Do not allow all those who are killing its values for the sake of their demonisation. Lebanon is rich in the diversity. Do not vote for those who are killing it with their fanaticism. Lebanon's strength is stable. Do not pay attention to all who want it to be weak. Lebanon has always been generous towards the issues of its nation. Do not support those who want to dissociate it from the issues of its nation… It is you who decide the image of your country.