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On the anniversary of the Messenger's Death
Mercy Did not Depart when the Messenger of Mercy (P.) Departed

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, Safar, 25th 1430 H - February, 20th 2009, Several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer. 

The First Sermon

 Islam: The Message of life

Allah says in His Glorious Book: And we have sent you but as a Mercy to the worlds (21:107).

This mercy which Allah has sent to the entire world to take people from the darkness to the light, and to enable the world to live in a peace that is based on universal justice, since this is what Allah, the Most Exalted, has made the goal of all religions.

Since the day the Prophet (p.) was sent with the Message, he sought to emphasize the doctrine of God's oneness, and end any ascribing partners to Allah, which is an expression of a backward mentality, especially through worshiping Idols made from stones they themselves turned into statues.

After a lot of suffering, the Prophet was able to establish the foundations of the Message which the idolaters tried to hinder its expansion in the world. But Allah wanted this Message to extend to every time and place, since it is the Message of Islam the seal of the Messages, whose Messenger is the seal of the Messengers. It is a Message for all life.

The Messenger(p.) suffered a lot in the course of conveying his message, and he had to leave Makkah and was a victim of a conspiracy that the Holy Quran tells us about.

The books that detailed the life of the Prophet tells us that when the idolaters were unable to defeat the Prophet or counter his message and argument, they wished that he would die, so that the struggle would end and they would go back to their idol worship. But the Quran told the Prophet(p.) that your death will not do them any good, since they might die before you or with you since everybody is going to die: Surely you willdie and they too shall surely die(39:30). This is the inevitable law that Allah has imposed on people with no difference between prophets and others.

They will all die even if they were prophets: Then surely on the day of Judgment, you will contend with each other before your Lord (39:31).

The Prophet(p.) lived a difficult ordeal in the battle of Uhud. After the Muslims were victorious in the beginning of the battle, their fortunes changed and they were about to be defeated after the withdrawal of the archers whom the Prophet had told them to stay in their position, left to take part in the plundering.

A man cried that Muhammad(p.) was killed and the Muslims retreated. But the Messenger(p.) started to call them to come to him, and 30 men came, and they were able to protect him and drive the idolaters away. But he(p.) had already been wounded, hit by a stone and his nose was broken. His companions had left him except for a few, with Imam Ali (a.s.) at their forefront.

The Message is a commitment to the cause.

The news that the Messenger(p.) was killed spread among the people, one of the Muslims said: I wish that we send a messenger to Abdullah bin Ubai – The head of the hypocrites – to seek his assistance to fetch a security pledge from Abu Sufain. Some of them sat and stopped fighting. And some of the hypocrites said: If Muhammad has been killed, let us go back to our first religion.

Anas bin Nazr, the uncle of Anas bin Malik says: When the army of Islam came under pressure and the news of the death of the Prophet was afloat, most of the Muslims thought of their own lives and every person took refuge in one corner or the other. I saw a group of Muhajirs and Ansar, sitting in a conrer and were anxious for themselves. I said to them with a tone of protest: "Why are you sitting here?" They replied, "The Prophet(p.) has been killed and it is, therefore, no use fighting". I said to them: "If the Prophet(p.) has been killed it is no use living. Get up and meet martyrdom in the same path in which he has been killed".

He added: My Lord, I apologize to you from what these people say (the Muslims) and I am innocent from what those (Munafikeen) have come up with. Then he went to fight until he was martyred.

The Messenger(p.) then climbed above the rock calling the people.

Ka'b bin Malik, who was the first one to recognize the Prophet(p.), shouted as loudly as he could: "O folks of Muslims, be cherished; The Messenger of Allah(p.) is here." But the Messenger signed him to stop upon hearing the shout, some Muslims immediately raced towards the source of the shout.

The Messenger(p.) then blamed them for fleeing and they said that they were afraid having heard that he was killed Allah then revealed this verse:

And Muhammad is no more than a messenger; the Messengers have already passed away before him; if then he dies or is killed will you turn back upon your heels? Andwhoever turns back upon his heels.s, he will by no means do harm to Allah in the least and Allah will reward the grateful. (3:144).

Allah wanted to tell all the people that the Message lives with the Messenger as long as he is alive. Then when he dies it will stay. If the Messenger dies or is killed, the nation should continue his march and would not draw back or back turn, because if it does so, it will be only hurting itself.

The march is not associated with the person even if he were a prophet. That is why we have seen that the Prophets and the Imams were either dead or killed, but the Message remained and the Islamic authentic line stayed. This is what the nation should be aware of to make leaders and reformers in place of those who leave.

Preparing to meet his God

The Messenger's biography chronicles tell us of how he began to prepare to meet his God. Abu Muwaihah, the Messenger's servant says: The Messenger told me that he was ordered to ask forgiveness to the people of Baqi and told him to come with him. This is a Prophetic guidance telling us that is important to visit the cemeteries, as a gift we present to our dead ones. The servant added: There, he asked forgiveness for them for a long time, and said: I want to congratulate you on what you are living that is (very different) from what the people are living. "The calamities came like places of dark night one following the other, and the last of it following the first and the last is worse than the first."

We also read in his biography that during his last days, the Messenger (p.) was very sick. He went to the Mosque with a band on his head and was helped by Imam Ali (a.s.) who held his right hand and Al-fadl ibn Al-Abbas who held his left hand. He then made a speech in which he told the people he was about to die and asked them to ask for their trusts or debts, if there were any. Then he said: "O People, there is not between anybody and Allah anything that would make him bestow His grace on him or keep an evil away one's actions" Meaning that there are no advantages for anybody, and all humans are the creations of Allah whether they were prophets or guardians except good deeds. Allah is not related to any one of them, "No one should claim or wish so, for by Him who sent me a prophet (to call) for the right, nothing saves except deed with mercy – those who say that we are the followers of Imam Ali and Allah and will not punish us are misguided for Allah says: This shall not be in accordance with your vain desires of the followers of the Book, whoever does evil shall be requited by it, and besides Allah he will not find a guardian or a helper (4:123) - IfI would sin I would have fallen down O God, have I conveyed?.

Ibn Saad quotes Abi Said Al-Khodri who said that the Prophet said that the Prophet said:

"Verily, I am leaving behind two precious things (thaqalayn) among you: the Book of Allah and my kindred (itrah), my household Ahlul Bayt (Ahl al-Bayt), for indeed, the two will never separate until they come back to me by the Pond (of al-Kawthar on the Day of Judgment, thus see how you will deal with them after me.

The Prophet (p) also said: "

O people, believers are but brothers. No one may take his bother's property without his full consent. Have I given the message? – O Allah, be my witness. Never go back to being unbeliever, smiting each other's necks.

O people, your Lord is one, and your father is one: all of you are from Adam, and Adam was from the ground. The noblest of you in Allah's sight is the most god-fearing: Arab has no merit over non-Arab other than piety. Have I given the message? – O Allah, be my witness.

When we meet the anniversary of the death of Muhammad (p.) we have to know that he had left Islam, the Quran and his kindred of Ahl el-Beit as a trust with us and we have to keep and preserve this trust – so that when we meet him we will say to him: O Messenger of Allah we have kept the trust: May Allah's peace and prayers be on His Messenger, Muhammad (p.) the day he was born, the day he went to meet his God, and the day he will be brought back to life

The Second Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

The Enemy's Governments: An Inherent Racism

In occupied Palestine, the political parties continue their meetings to form the new government, which will definitely be a rightist and racist government regardless of the names of the parties that will take part in it. This government will continue its aggression on Gaza and the starvation blockade, and will start a new round of violence, destruction and killing inside and outside Palestine, based on refusing pacification, unless the Israeli soldier imprisoned by the Resistance factions, is freed, at the time there are over 11 thousand Palestinian prisoners in the enemy's jails.

As for the settlement activities which expanded savagely in the Western Bank since the Oslo agreement, it will swallow, along with the new government, the titles of peace and the talks about a viable Palestinian state, so that the usurpation of Palestine that has emerged from the depth of Zionist hatred that uses fabricated historical episodes as a pretext will continue.

Attempts of demolishing the Aqsa Mosque by cracking its pillars to build Solomon's temple will also continue, benefiting from an Arab weakness and Islamic silence and continuing Western support to the Israeli entity regardless of the government that rules it.

The Israeli project which is based on the principle that what can not be achieved by some force would be achieved by more force is a recipe for endless wars that aim at undermining the Arab and Muslim structure from the inside. Thus, the issue surpasses the occupation of Palestine to the occupation of the Arab and Muslim minds by means of convincing the Arabs and the Muslims that the best way to confront this project is by submitting to it all the way and forever.

We have to monitor this Zionist project not only through its visible instruments in occupied Palestine but also through its alliance with international forces of hegemony in Europe – the United States including the Congress and the Administration that is totally committed to securing Israel's security at the expense of that of the Arabs and Muslims, and that refuses any change in the balance of forces towards the Arabs and Muslims, since Israeli supremacy is an American commitment that might surpass America's commitment to its own security… This is the equation that drives Israel to choose the logic of renewed wars to assert its deterrent force against any Arab or Muslim rising force.

Thus, when we meet in these days an anniversary that has to do with the movement of the Resistance in Lebanon and its great martyrs who were elevated as a result of their effort, struggle and martyrdom, we have to insist on the issue of building the strength of the nation, since this Resistance, which emerged from the mosques that were full with belief and the sense of giving and that was guided by faithful leaders and religious scholars has proven that it represents a story of success in building strength, deterring the enemy, ending its occupation and breaking its savage options that were seen even in the near past as a strategic options that cannot be debated or abandoned.

As we emphasize the need to nurture this Resistance that have laid the foundation for the nation's project of strength as well as the possibility of confronting and defeating the enemy's project, we want this nation not to give up the strength it has reached in any field in a world full of projects of occupation, hegemony and conspiracy.

Thus, we ask the Islamic Republic of Iran not to forgo its legitimate and natural right in the peaceful nuclear field that represents a considerable degree of progress for the nation's own scientific capabilities since this scientific force does not belong to Iran alone, but to all Muslims, Arabs, and the free men of the world. Any remissness of them is a remissness of the right of all who look forward to protect these rights from being lost or usurped.

We know that the enemy is worried from the scientific and technological advancement in Iran, and wages along with other western accomplices, a propaganda campaign that uses the nuclear program as a spearhead. We also know that the enemy lives a state of uneasiness that makes it ask the new American Administration to define a time schedule to its expected dialogue with the Islamic Republic. But we say to Iran that it has, as it prepares for a long dialogue with the Americans, to know that the issue is not one that has to do only with Iran as a rising state in the region, but it surpasses that to enter in a big equation that involves rejecting the Western and Israeli conditions and moving towards achieving scientific freedom and independent political decision.

Activating the Muslim and Arab Role

We call for an Arab and Muslim project for the entire nation so that this great number of people will turn into an effective political force in the world that has the ability of participating in deciding their own fate instead of leaving that for others. Such a project will not be accomplished unless we build our strength and utilize our vital potentials, our youth and our natural wealth in a comprehensive development process that involves the entire nation, even if this means that the nation will enter into a great challenge, but one that we believe will be open on a new reality in which the nation is able to protect its existence, defend its freedom, and stop being merely a political and an economic periphery to the others, towards achieving the ability of being effective, self – sufficient and politically independent.

A call for a wise discourse in Lebanon

In Lebanon, as we appreciate all the efforts that were made to prevent the latest regrettable events from expanding, we feel that there are sectarian positions that should be praised since they hastened to contain the repercussions of these events.

But we believe that the responsibility of the leaders transcends beyond that to involve educating the people on the necessity of dialogue, accepting the other, respecting the rules of differing and opening up on the opposite view through wisdom, prudence and good preaching.

We condemn any offence of any party against any Lebanese, regardless of his religion, sect or political orientation. We emphasize the necessity of punishing those who aggress on the security of the people, and we call at the same time on all leaders to replace the tense and fiery rhetoric with a calm and wise one that calls for respect of the others' choices and affiliation.

We call on the Lebanese people to rise to the level of responsibility in which each citizen respects the other, even in the case of political differences of opinion. The stage that the country is passing through might leave certain negative consequences, as a result of the turmoil in the region, on the national levels and on the state's institutions, economy and security.

This people who possess a lot of creative capabilities, cultural pluralism as well as a historical and spiritual heritage, have to deal with the developments and the present situation by an awareness that respects man's mind, feeling, stands and political affiliation, and does not become preoccupied with the trivial issues, but rather remains focused on the major issues that not only have to do with his present, but also with his existence and fate.