The Time in Ramadan
The methodology adopted by our Messenger (p), the Prophet of Mercy, in his dealings with the Muslims is founded on educating them on all fields of life and duties. One of these educational occasions is the speech that he (p.) received with the month of Ramadan on the last Friday of Shaaban. Allah, The Most Exalted, bestowed on time in Ramadan a kind of sacredness and value. He also embraced His love mercy and kindness all those who live in that time. Time in itself does not vary between one period and another, but Allah might give time a certain value to a certain time and this is what He has done with respect to the month of Ramadan.
The Messenger (p.) wanted to clarify to the people the value that Allah has attached to this month and the spiritual and practical responsibilities of the believers in this month. This is what we are going to touch on in our sermon today to learn how to be spiritual in its days and nights, and how to assume our responsibilities in performing the rituals and good deeds of this month.
The Messenger says:
"Oh, people, the month of Allah has arrived". This is the month that Allah calls His month. We know that all months are the months of Allah, since He is the one who created time, but what this month is privileged with lies in the elements that Allah wanted man to seek to enrich himself and elevate his humanity and assume his responsibility in a way that is different than every month since it is the month of "blessing" in which Allah blesses your life.
It is the month of Mercy and forgiveness, It is Allah who forgives your sins if you repent and be faithful in worshipping him.
It is "the best of months". Each month has its blessings but this month is one of the most that are filled with blessings, which you have to live in your mind, spirit, heart and feeling of life.
“Its days are the best of day, its nights are the best of nights and its hours are the best of hours”. It is a month that you "are invited in to be the guests of Allah". He has prepared for us a table not of food and drink, but of Allah's love Mercy and forgiveness. It is a month in which you are honoured by what Allah bestows on you. “Your breaths in it are as glorifying (of Allah) “this breath you take in and out will be rewarded for as if you are glorifying Allah with your tongues . “Your sleeping is to worship” – if sleeping is to reacquire the strength to worship Allah, then it is as if your are praying and supplicating.” Your deeds are accepted and your supplications are answered”. Therefore, “ask Allah with true intentions” – that are faithful in worshipping Allah and obeying Him, and “pure hearts” – that do not hide any hatred or enmity to Allah's servants, so “that Allah may help you to fast it”, since Allah has ordained you to fast as He ordained those before you – “and recite His Book” to live with the Glorious Quran to increase your knowledge in faith and Islamic law.
“Because a wretched one is he who is deprived of the forgiveness of Allah in this great month” – just like he who loses in the trade season while others gain, and the month of Ramadan is the month of Mercy and forgiveness –“remember by your hunger and thirst the hunger and thirst of the Day of Judgment” when you are waiting in thirst and hunger to be held accountable.
Therefore, remember your responsibilities in this world, to ensure that Allah will forgive you in the Hereafter.
Organizing social relations
“Pay charity to your poor and needy ones”– when you remember during your fast that there are those cannot afford to buy food or water.
Help them with your charity as Allah, The Most Exalted, who has bestowed His graces on you wants you to give some of your wealth to the needy: Believe in Allah and His messenger, and spend (in charity) out of the (substance) whereof He has made you heirs (57:7).
“Revere you old ones,” because they have preceded you in faith and experience, “and be merciful to pray only ones,” because they have no experience or knowledge.” And maintain kinship with your relatives, and withhold your tongues – because Allah does not want you to offend anyone – “keep your sights away from what is not permissible for you to look at, and your hearings from what is not permissible for you to listen to. Be kind to the orphans of people and your orphans shall be shown kindness” – There are children who have lost their parents whom you should act as parents to, since you might leave orphans when you die. If you were good to the orphans of others Allah will send those who will take care of your children and be kind to them. “Repent to Allah of your sins” – since it is the month of Repentance: He is the One that accepts repentance from His Servants and forgives sins: and He knows all that ye do. (42:25).
“Raise your hands towards Him in supplication at the times of your prayers, because they are the best hours in which Allah looks with mercy at His servants. He answers them if they invoke Him, complies if they call on Him and responds if they ask Him”, thus we should not ignore our supplication to Allah when we pay.
Good Morals and the way to Heaven:
“Oh people. Whoever has good manners in this month. He will pass the sirat when others slip” – if your manners are bad you should have a strong will to change. “Anybody who makes his servants (male or female) take light work, in this month, Allah will make easy his accounting on the Day of Judgment”.
“Anybody who does not offend others in this month, Allah will keep him safe from His wrath on The Day of Judgment. Anybody who respects and treats an orphan with kindness in this month, Allah shall honour him on The Day of Judgment. Anybody who treats well his kinsmen, in this month, Allah will bestow His mercy on him on The Day of Judgment, while anybody who maltreats his kinsmen in this month, Allah will keep him away from His mercy, on The Day of Judgment. Anybody who offers recommended prayers, will be rewarded with the reward of seventy obligatory prayers in the other months. Whoever increases his prayers on me, Allah will increase his rewards. And who recites one verse of the Quran in this month he will earn the reward of reading all of it in other months
O People! The Gates of Paradise remain opened in this month. Do invoke that the Gates may not be closed on you, while the Gates of Hell be closed. Do invoke that these Gates may never be opened."
Dear loved ones. This is the spiritual sacred and spiritual atmosphere – the Messenger wants us to live in this month. We should not spend the month in having fun and playing. We ought to feel that we are living with Allah in all ours sayings and actions in our days and nights.