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The Position of the Mind in Islam

Date: 15/01/2010 A.D 29/01/1431 H

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

 

His Eminence, the Religious Authority Sayyed Muhammad Hussein Fadlullah, delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, Muharram, 29th 1431 H. - January, 15th 2010. Several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.

The First Sermon

The Mind is the source of enlightenment

Allah, the Most Exalted, says in His Glorious Book: "Say: Are those who know and those who do not know alike? Only the men of understanding are mindful". (09:39).

In this verse, Allah wants to assert that it is the mind that establishes balance between knowledge and faith, and that there can be no faith except through the mind, since it differentiates between right and wrong, guidance and falsehood, and good and evil, and enables man to choose wisely.

It is through the mind that science opens to man the secrets of life and the universe with their complicated structures, precise measurements, and constant laws. Thus, man will be able, through the mind and its discoveries, to think and move in an enlightened way, while ignorance represents darkness, narrow-sightedness, backwardness and ambiguity.

The value of the mind

It is the mind that gives man his value before Allah, as well as before his fellow human beings. It is also what gives the worshipping duties their value. It is said that a group of people once came to the Messenger of Allah (p.) and praised a certain man. Muhammad (p.) asked them about his mind, astonished they said: "We tell about his piety and good deeds and you ask us about his mind." The Prophet (p.) said: "The foolish could exceed in his foolishness the dissoluteness of the dissolute." The Messenger added that the closeness of people to their Lord in the Hereafter will be determined in accordance with the level of their minds.

Imam Ali (a.s.) said: "According to the level of the mind, religion will be." He (a.s.) also said: "There is no religion to the one who has no mind." Imam Ali Al-Hadi (a.s.) was asked by Ibn Sikkit: "What is the argument over God's creatures?" The Imam (a.s.) answered: "It is the mind, by which one will know the faithful and believe him, and know the liar and not believe him."

Between knowledge and ignorance

Therefore, Islam does not accept that we adopt the mentality of backwardness and mythology concerning what we believe in or do. Muslims should base their faith and deeds on knowledge and science, and not ignorance. We have noticed that there are certain people, from within the nation or from outside it, intelligence agencies, for example, who wish to picture Islam in the image of ignorance and backwardness and believe that Muslims, both Sunnis and Shiites, should appear on TV screens as fanatic, ignorant and backward people, which would draw people away from Islam.

That is why the society or reason is the one that exercises self criticism on its thoughts and actions. Imam Ali (a.s.) said: "It is incumbent on men of reason to pinpoint their shortcomings in religion, opinion, behavior, and manners and to gather them in their heart or in a book and work on eliminating them".

Dear loved ones:

This is the true Islam. It wants us to base our lives on reason and to elevate it by means of knowledge, so as to enrich it and be enriched by it.

The Second Sermon

Judaizing Palestine

The Zionist entity is taking additional steps towards further establishing its "Jewish" identity, through the wall it has decided to erect on the borders with Egypt, starting from Rafah and reaching Eilat. This wall covers [the distance of] 266 km, and the entity has embarked on building it at a time the Egyptian authorities continue their work on the steel wall they are erecting on the borders with Gaza.

Thus, by accomplishing this step, the enemy would have surrounded itself with steel and cement walls that are to be added to the international and regional political walls pressuring the Palestinian people, and the peoples of the entire nation, so as to establish this entity as a solid reality that imposes itself on the Arab delusions which the regimes have created and wanted the peoples to accept.

A shameful Arab silence

The enemy is boasting about the system of the "iron dome" that it claims to be capable of stopping the rockets launched by the resistance forces. Moreover, it is pushing forward its attempts to judaize Jerusalem, by further demolishing the houses of the Arabs and Jerusalemites and issuing new authorizations to build scores of settlement units, in addition to its continuous threats to wage a decisive war on Gaza and Lebanon… Meanwhile, more and more Arab official delegations visit Washington to call it to launch negotiations, so as to save the face of this Arab regime or the other.

It is really shameful that the Arabs remain silent towards the ongoing Israeli terrorism of killings and raids on Gaza, and that some of them justify the siege imposed on the Palestinians and enlist it under the title of preserving national security, at a time a voice from way over there, from Turkey, is raised by the Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan who called for making reform in the institution of the United Nations, for its existence is useless if its resolutions are not to be applied or executed.

A new US threat

Besides the Israeli threats, new American threats were launched by the Commander of the US Central Command who further exposed Obama's Administration that has so far revealed that this administration is ready to reproduce terrorism that the Americans initially produced in several locations, not only through the CIA, but also through armies, and direct occupation, and by threatening to attack the Iranian nuclear facilities and claiming that the military tactics for these attacks are ready…in addition to directly targeting the Iranian scientists specialized in the field of peaceful nuclear energy; which establishes for new pressures to be exposed at all levels.

We call on Obama's Administration to return to its senses, if it truly wishes to stabilize the international situation, or step out of the Zionist entity's grip, or take the peoples' feelings and emotions into consideration. We say this because we believe that if the American Administration gives the enemy's entity the green light to carry out new foolish acts in the region, or if it carries that out by itself, it will have destructive repercussions on the Americans in the region and on the enemy's entity, as well as on world peace and economic welfare.

Deadly explosions in An-Najaf Al-Ashraf

A few days ago, An-Najaf Al-Ashraf, the homeland of Imam Ali Bin Abi Talib (a.s.) and the host of the historic scientific religious school (Hawza), witnessed three explosions that were executed in the big market. We strongly denounce this horrible crime that targeted this sacred land; the land of peace and security. 

Devising a security emergency plan

On another level, the enemy's warplanes continue to violate Lebanon's airspace in a horrific showing off manner, by AWAX planes and other military and surveillance warplanes. This means that Lebanon needs urgently to devise a security emergency policy instead of waiting for the reports of the UNIFIL that take no actions and stick to counting the Israeli offences.

Lebanon is in dire need for strategic plans that protect its security which is exposed for the enemy, knowing that this is of a higher priority than sinking deep into the game of the quota system in the civil service appointments, so that the beastly aggression and occupation would not destroy everything while we are sinking in the chaos of the appointments and quotas.

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